Servomotors are special position motors. They are often used in RC airplanes, RC cars and robots, where a precise position is required. You can easily find them in a RC specialized store.

A typical servomotor consists in a DC motor connected with a control circuit and a gear box. The gear box converts the DC motor into torque. The control circuit has a potentiometer for feedback, so it can read the current position and adjust it automatically. A servomotor can't do a complete turn, they go up to 90 or 180 degress.

A servomotor has 3 wires: red (V+), black (GND) and white or yellow (SIGNAL). The red and black are the power supply wires and the third is for control.

To control a servomotor, power it with 5V and supply the control wire with a voltage from 0 to V+, the position will be proportional to the Signal voltage. To test it, connect it like this:

Sketch 1

#include span style="color: #cc6600;">Servo.h> Servo motor; 
void setup()
{
motor.attach(3);
}
void loop ()
{
motor.write(45);
delay(1000);
motor.write(125);
delay(1000);
}

Sketch 2

#include span style="color: #cc6600;">Servo.h>Servo motor;
void setup()
{
motor.attach(3);
}
void loop ()
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<180;i++){
motor.write(i);
delay(10);
}
delay(1000);
for(i=180;i>0;i--){
motor.write(i);
delay(10);
}
delay(1000);
}

References:
http://arduino.cc/playground/
http://www.sparkfun.com/products/9065

Views: 6648

Tags: arduino, servomotor

Comment by antonio herrera on April 9, 2012 at 9:57am

the 7805 ci and  the L7805cv are  ther the same?

Comment by Fernando Gil on April 10, 2012 at 6:18am

Yes, you can use any 7805 regulator.

Comment by mandatorybs on July 19, 2012 at 2:00am

Can five of these be used in parallel safely & would the ICs require a heatsink?

Comment by Nick Porter on April 23, 2013 at 10:46am

Can you plug the servo dir to the pins at the end of the arduino?

 

Comment by Danny Vigo on May 18, 2013 at 11:40pm

Why would you want to connect them in parallel? Are you trying to increase the current? Perhaps to run big steppers?

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