Tutorial: Breathalyzer using Alcohol Gas Sensor with Arduino

In this tutorial, we will demonstrate how to use the gas sensors and also how you can make a homemade Breathalyzer using an alcohol sensor, Arduino and LEDs


Material List

1x Arduino

1x Alcohol Sensor

1x Breadboard


6x Resistor 330Ω

1x Resistor 10KΩ

Some jumpers

1. How it works

1.1) Gas Sensor

The gas sensor operates as potentiometer, but instead of get the resistance variation, we will take the variation of gas concentration(0d to 1023d).

1.2) LEDs (Bargraph)

Arduino will transform the variation of gas concentration, that ranging 0d to 1023, in a scale of 6 LEDs using the function map(maxreading01023, 0, qtyLED).

1.3) Adaptations

For this aplication we use a mouthwash, so we changed  the scale of (0d to 1023) to (0d to 200d), because the mouthwash not contain a high level of alcohol. So we use the funcion map(maxreading0200, 0, qtyLED).

2. The Sketch

#define qtyLED 6  //Declare the quantity of LED's for the bar graph
int LEDs[qtyLED]; //Array to store the states of the LEDs
int sensorPin = 0; //Variable that will hold the current value of the sensor
int time; //Variable that will hold the amount of time for the sensor to be read
int maxreading; //Variable to store the maximum value read during the last reading
//For loop counting variables
int i;
int j;
void setup()

  //Initialize the counting variables
  while(i < qtyLED) //While i is less than the number of defined LED's
  {                 //...save the value of i+2 in the LEDs array. we add 2 so that it represents one of our digital pins
    LEDs[i] = j;
  for(i=0;i<qtyLED;i++) //Define the LED Pins as outputs. In this case 2->7
    pinMode(LEDs[i], OUTPUT);
  pinMode(13, OUTPUT); //Define pin 13 as an output so we can show when we are not taking a reading from the sensor(Blinkin
                       //...Or when we are taking a reading from the sensor (Solid)

void loop()
  PORTB = PORTB ^ 100000;  //Invert pin 13 to give the LED a blinking effect
  delay(100); //Delay so that the user can see the blinking happen
  int sensor = analogRead(sensorPin); //Read the sensors value and store it in the sensor variable
  if(sensor >= 40) //If the value is less that 40(value for the chemical being used in this example)
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH); //Turn on the blue LED indecating that the sensor detected a minimal amount of alcohol (sensor >= 40)
    maxreading = 0;         //Initiate the max reading to 0
    for(time = 0;time <= 5000;time++) //Read the sensor for 5 seconds
    {                                 //...every millisecond update the value of the max reading of the sensor
      int sensor = analogRead(sensorPin);
      if(sensor > maxreading)
        maxreading = sensor;
    digitalWrite(13, LOW); //As soon as the reading is complete turn off the blue LED
    int level = map(maxreading, 0, 200, 0, qtyLED); //Map the value from 0 to 200(reading from sensor) to 0 and the number of LEDs which is 6
                                                    //...0 to 6(LEDs) level determines how many of them turn on.
    for(i=0;i<qtyLED;i++) //Compare all the leds current state with the value of the level that was read
    {                     //if for example the level read was 5, then LEDs 2->6 would turn on.
      if (i < level) //If the current LED being checked is less that the level
        digitalWrite(LEDs[i], HIGH); //...Turn it on
      else //If the current LED being checked is higher than the level
        digitalWrite(LEDs[i], LOW); //...Turn it off
    delay(10000); //Wait 10 seconds for the user to get the reading from the led bar graph
    for(i=0;i<qtyLED;i++) //Turn off all the LEDs

3. The Circuit



Views: 9807

Comment by clivelobo on March 9, 2016 at 4:59am

please give a detailed explanation on how to implement this and which software did you'll use?


You need to be a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking) to add comments!

Join GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)

Latest Activity

Profile IconWilliam Johnson and Todd Enger joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Carlos Kwiek posted a blog post


Turning on and off a lamp on the internet and smartphone using ESP8266 with MQTT languageThank you…See More
Avtar Singh is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Profile IconPete Z, Anatolio Filho and ashok joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 18
Profile IconEmrah Ponjevic and Sergio Salazar joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 17
autoelectric is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 14
Gary Plaza is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 13
James Anderson is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 10
Adan Salinas commented on Marcelo Rodrigues's blog post SwagBot
"Great use of technology right there."
Oct 5
Ojasvi Gupta left a comment for Olivy Gis
"Something is fishy here....what do you wish to talk about...if you could be a tad more specific?"
Oct 5
Profile IconDave Petersen, Olivy Gis, gian crespo and 1 more joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 5
Olivy Gis updated their profile
Oct 5
Alaa Alrashdan commented on GarageLab's blog post Tutorial: How to use the Monster Moto Shield
"Hi I have a firgelli actuator that i run using arduino+monster moto shield. I can run it with a…"
Oct 4
Richard Reubenstone posted a blog post

Some great maker projects you can join

If you are interested in joining some teams consisting of makers working together from all over the…See More
Oct 4
Dmitry Slepov posted a blog post

Tibbo Project System-based Office Aircon Controller Application

The app allows you to manage traditional air conditioners that are controlled through infrared…See More
Oct 4
Marcelo Rodrigues left a comment for Jose Gustavo Abreu Murta
"Spammer member suspended. Thanks!"
Oct 2
Profile IconCharles Howey, Neil Besner and Jim Ory joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Oct 2
Roosevelt Sebial left a comment for Roosevelt Sebial
"I have left a message to your given e-mail address Mr. Frank. Thanks!"
Sep 29
Eric Delgado updated their profile
Sep 29
Jose Gustavo Abreu Murta left a comment for Jose Gustavo Abreu Murta
"SPAM !!!!"
Sep 29

© 2016   Created by Marcelo Rodrigues.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service