How To Use: Tone Function - Arduino Playing The James Bond Theme

On this tutorial you will see how to use the tone function to play monophonic music.

Materials List: 

1 x Arduino Uno R3

1 x Breadboard

1 x Speaker 8 Ω / 0,25 W

1 x Rotary Potentiometer 10 KΩ

1 x Capacitor 100μF / 25 V

Jumpers

How it works:

The syntax of tone function is:

tone (pin, frequency, duration);

The parameters are:

 

pin: the pin on which to generate the tone

frequency: the frequency of the tone in hertz - unsigned int

duration: the duration of the tone in milliseconds (optional) - unsigned long

The tone function generates a square wave of the specified frequency on a pin during the time of duration field (optional).

Each musical note is determined by a frequency and you can see on table below the frequencies:

Based on this table and pentagram above the archive pitches.h (of toneMelody example) was created.

The array melody[] is used to store the notes, using names to correspond to the note and frequency.

For example, the frequency of note A4 (A for "La" and 4 for the 4th octave) is 440 Hz in the array it will be called NOTE_A4.

The musical score represents the notes and the duration by symbols on the pentagram.

Below you see clef-G and clef-F.

The duration is determined by the following symbols:

In array noteDurations[], the durations were represented by numbers.See table below.

Symbol 

Value in array

whole note

1

half note

2

quarter note

4

eighth note

8

sixteenth note

16

           thirty-second note

32

            sixty-fourth note

64 

 

The potentiometer was used to control volume and the capacitor as coupling.

Below you see the circuit on Fritzing.

 

The Sketch:

Verify circuit, and upload Sketch to Arduino:


#include "pitches.h"
#define NO_SOUND 0 // make the rests in music

//array of notes
int melody[] = {
  /*NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NO_SOUND,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NO_SOUND,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,
   NOTE_B3,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_CS4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_B3,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_CS4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,
   NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
   NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,*/
   //Introduction
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_DS5,NOTE_D5,NOTE_B4,NOTE_A4,NOTE_B4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_DS5,NOTE_D5,NOTE_G4,NOTE_B4,
  NOTE_B4,NOTE_FS5,NOTE_F5,NOTE_B4,NOTE_D5,NOTE_AS5,
  NOTE_A5,NOTE_F5,NOTE_A5,NOTE_DS6,NOTE_D6,NO_SOUND
};

// note duration: 1 = whole note, 2 = half note, 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.
int noteDurations[] = {
  /*8,8,2,8,8,2,16,8,16,8,8,
   2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,
   8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
   8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,*/
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,2,8,8,1,
  8,4,8,4,8,8,
  8,8,4,8,4,8,
  4,8,4,8,3
};

int pace = 1450; // change pace of music("speedy")
void setup() {
  for (int Note = 0; Note <54; Note++) {//counter of Notes (54 limit the array)
    int duration = pace/noteDurations[Note];//Adjust duration with the pace of music
    tone(8, melody[Note],duration); //Play note

// to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time between them.
    delay(duration*1.2);
  }
}

void loop() {
  //to repeat song, push reset button.
}
//End of Sketch

Let's listen James Bond!!!

Reference:

http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/tone

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Note_value

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clef

 

Views: 22514

Tags: Arduino, Bond, James, Library, Music, Tone

Comment by نهاد عبدالله حسين السلمان on January 14, 2013 at 4:31am
Hi - this truly stunning what spatial, which could create such programs audio Effects
Comment by نهاد عبدالله حسين السلمان on January 14, 2013 at 4:43am

You could get this project file

Comment

You need to be a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking) to add comments!

Join GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)

Latest Activity

Profile IconJohn Ruffing and jerrysmith87 joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
13 hours ago
Profile IconJoshua, Mark Webber, Ronan Keets and 6 more joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
yesterday
GarageLab posted a blog post

Sound Torch Bluetooth Speaker Spews Flames

Play Through the Fire and Flames (DragonForce) literally through fire and flames with the Sound…See More
Friday
GarageLab posted a blog post
May 20
GarageLab posted a blog post
May 18
Profile Iconmechanical engineer. R&D . and Geert hoste joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 18
Henry Chaj is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 15
GarageLab posted a blog post
May 15
AnalysIR posted a blog post

Simple Infrared PWM on Arduino

We are often asked on discussion boards, about conflicts between IRremote or IRLib and other…See More
May 13
Profile Iconnareshkumar p and Ethan "Lone" Wolf joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 13
GarageLab posted a blog post

Printing photorealistic images on 3D objects

Hydrographic Printing is a technique of transferring colored inks on a film to the surface of an…See More
May 13
GarageLab posted a blog post

3D Printing and Ultrasound Help Blind Pregnant Moms Touch Their Unborn Babies

Here’s a pair of wonderful stories that were made possible with the help of 3D printing. As part of…See More
May 12
iqxca is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 12
Profile IconTom Reagh and Alc joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 11
GarageLab posted a blog post
May 8
Arduino Aficionado posted photos
May 8
GarageLab posted blog posts
May 7
sneha kulkarni is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 7
Profile IconBrian Bunting, Vipul Nathani and Jesús Corbacho joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
May 5
GarageLab posted a blog post
May 4

© 2015   Created by Marcelo Rodrigues.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service