How To Use: Tone Function - Arduino Playing The James Bond Theme

On this tutorial you will see how to use the tone function to play monophonic music.

Materials List: 

1 x Arduino Uno R3

1 x Breadboard

1 x Speaker 8 Ω / 0,25 W

1 x Rotary Potentiometer 10 KΩ

1 x Capacitor 100μF / 25 V

Jumpers

How it works:

The syntax of tone function is:

tone (pin, frequency, duration);

The parameters are:

 

pin: the pin on which to generate the tone

frequency: the frequency of the tone in hertz - unsigned int

duration: the duration of the tone in milliseconds (optional) - unsigned long

The tone function generates a square wave of the specified frequency on a pin during the time of duration field (optional).

Each musical note is determined by a frequency and you can see on table below the frequencies:

Based on this table and pentagram above the archive pitches.h (of toneMelody example) was created.

The array melody[] is used to store the notes, using names to correspond to the note and frequency.

For example, the frequency of note A4 (A for "La" and 4 for the 4th octave) is 440 Hz in the array it will be called NOTE_A4.

The musical score represents the notes and the duration by symbols on the pentagram.

Below you see clef-G and clef-F.

The duration is determined by the following symbols:

In array noteDurations[], the durations were represented by numbers.See table below.

Symbol 

Value in array

whole note

1

half note

2

quarter note

4

eighth note

8

sixteenth note

16

           thirty-second note

32

            sixty-fourth note

64 

 

The potentiometer was used to control volume and the capacitor as coupling.

Below you see the circuit on Fritzing.

 

The Sketch:

Verify circuit, and upload Sketch to Arduino:


#include "pitches.h"
#define NO_SOUND 0 // make the rests in music

//array of notes
int melody[] = {
  /*NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NO_SOUND,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NO_SOUND,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,
   NOTE_B3,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_CS4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_B3,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_CS4,NOTE_G3,NOTE_C4,NOTE_G3,
   NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
   NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,*/
   //Introduction
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_F4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,NOTE_E4,
  NOTE_DS5,NOTE_D5,NOTE_B4,NOTE_A4,NOTE_B4,
  NOTE_E4,NOTE_G4,NOTE_DS5,NOTE_D5,NOTE_G4,NOTE_B4,
  NOTE_B4,NOTE_FS5,NOTE_F5,NOTE_B4,NOTE_D5,NOTE_AS5,
  NOTE_A5,NOTE_F5,NOTE_A5,NOTE_DS6,NOTE_D6,NO_SOUND
};

// note duration: 1 = whole note, 2 = half note, 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.
int noteDurations[] = {
  /*8,8,2,8,8,2,16,8,16,8,8,
   2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,2,4,
   8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
   8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,*/
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,16,16,8,4,8,8,8,
  8,2,8,8,1,
  8,4,8,4,8,8,
  8,8,4,8,4,8,
  4,8,4,8,3
};

int pace = 1450; // change pace of music("speedy")
void setup() {
  for (int Note = 0; Note <54; Note++) {//counter of Notes (54 limit the array)
    int duration = pace/noteDurations[Note];//Adjust duration with the pace of music
    tone(8, melody[Note],duration); //Play note

// to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time between them.
    delay(duration*1.2);
  }
}

void loop() {
  //to repeat song, push reset button.
}
//End of Sketch

Let's listen James Bond!!!

Reference:

http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/tone

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Note_value

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clef

 

Views: 12149

Tags: Arduino, Bond, James, Library, Music, Tone

Comment by نهاد عبدالله حسين السلمان on January 14, 2013 at 4:31am
Hi - this truly stunning what spatial, which could create such programs audio Effects
Comment by نهاد عبدالله حسين السلمان on January 14, 2013 at 4:43am

You could get this project file

Comment

You need to be a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking) to add comments!

Join GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)

Latest Activity

GarageLab posted blog posts
16 hours ago
GarageLab posted a blog post

What Could You Do With 7 Fingers?

A strange thought yes, but MIT researchers think an extra two digits could really make a difference…See More
yesterday
Profile Icongan bensie, Philip Malmstedt and Rodney Leinberger joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
yesterday
GarageLab posted blog posts
Monday
Profile Iconjolian ahmed, Abdalla, Raul Patterson and 2 more joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Monday
GarageLab posted blog posts
Jul 17
GarageLab posted blog posts
Jul 15
Ilyass Renswoude joined Sergio Imperador's group
Thumbnail

Robotics

Let's share ideas about building robots.See More
Jul 14
Profile IconShein Wah, Liu Chin Ho and Suresh Babu joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Jul 14
NELU NASTASOIU posted photos
Jul 11
NELU NASTASOIU updated their profile
Jul 11
GarageLab posted blog posts
Jul 11
Profile IconTezel Celebi and Lucas Silva joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Jul 11
GarageLab posted a blog post

Lego robot plays freemium iPad games while creator sleeps

In 2011, Uli Kilian earned a Guinness World Record for solving 100 Rubik’s cubes during that year’s…See More
Jul 10
Profile IconYanik Chauvin and NELU NASTASOIU joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Jul 8
Alexandre Araripe Cavalcante and Tharaka Madhusanka are now friends
Jul 8
Tharaka Madhusanka joined Jordan Weller's group
Thumbnail

Technology Concepts & Ideas

New devices and methods of constructing things, Old and recent inventions. Scientific theory.…See More
Jul 7
GarageLab posted blog posts
Jul 7
Profile Iconabdullah savas and Everth Gutierrez joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Jul 7
Tharaka Madhusanka is now a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Jul 3

© 2014   Created by Marcelo Rodrigues.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service