Hello everyone, 

Going forward on my study about VGA signal, now I could generate the sync signals (horizontal and vertical), and also play with the RGB ones. Now I can generate vertical color bars and rectangles. :)

I am still facing some problems, like to fill the entire screen area (it still shows an empty bar on the right), but I think I can solve this with a better adjust on horizontal timing.

Besides, not all kind of monitors can recognize my signal, some LCDs are not ok (no problem for CRT). I believe the solution is a better adjust on timing and/or impedance coupling.

Take a look what I got so far:

This was the first step: generate a solid stable rectangle on screen. It is white because I put all the RGB bits to HIGH, but the important was the sync signals worked very well (I think). 

The ugly/terrible picture above (the camera and my photographic skills didn't help), shows the colored vertical bars I could get from my Arduino UNO, changing the RGB bits. Actually, it would be possible to generate many more colors using some tricks or simply changing the analog levels of the RGB bits (0 to 0.7V), but I think Arduino wouldn't have speed enough on DAC. Well, for me, there is A LOT to learn yet.  

Below you can check the code, which I am not very proud of, but i works!!! :)). I think it can be useful for somebody: 

#define NOP asm("nop")
#define BLACK PORTB = B00000000;
#define BLUE PORTB = B00000001;
#define GREEN PORTB = B00000010;
#define CYAN PORTB = B00000011;
#define RED PORTB = B00000100;
#define MAGENTA PORTB = B00000101;
#define YELLOW PORTB = B00000110;
#define WHITE PORTB = B00000111;

unsigned int linecount = 1;

void setup()
{
//Set pins 5, 6 e 7 as output
// 7 - HSYNC
// 6 - VSYNC
// 10 - R
// 9 - G
// 8 - B

DDRD |= B11100000;

DDRB |= B11100111;
PORTD |= B11000000;

//set timer
TCCR2A = 0x02; // WGM22=0 + WGM21=1 + WGM20=0 = Mode2 (CTC)
TCCR2B |= (1 CS20); //
TCCR2B |= (1 CS21); // Set prescaler
TCCR2B &= ~(1 CS22); //

TCNT2 = 0; // clear counter
OCR2A = 0x0f; // set counter for comparison

TIMSK2 |= (1OCIE2A); // set interrupt by comparison
}

 

void loop()
{
do{
}while(1);

}

 

ISR(TIMER2_COMPA_vect){
PORTD &= ~(1 7);
if (++linecount == 525){ //525 lines
linecount = 1;
}
PORTD |= (1 7);

NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;
if (linecount == 492){
PORTD &= ~(1 6);
} else {
PORTD |= (1 6);


if ((linecount >= 2) && (linecount <= 480)){

//Print a vertical rainbow on screen 
for (int j=0; j<6; j++){
BLACK;NOP;
BLUE;
BLACK;NOP;
GREEN;
BLACK;NOP;
CYAN;
BLACK;NOP;
RED;
BLACK;NOP;
MAGENTA;
BLACK;NOP;
YELLOW;
BLACK;NOP;
WHITE;
BLACK;NOP;
}
}

}

NOP; //small time adjust, it may or may not be necessary depending on your board

}

 

That's it! This was the first step for understand the basics about VGA, specially the SYNC signals. Now it's time for a better understanding about sizes and times. Also, the impedance coupling must be adjusted between the Arduino and the monitor (it could be the reason for some LCDs not understand my signal).

And more precision on timing is still possible.

Then, I will try to create some time windows for data acquiring, allowing the Arduino to get info to plot.

If, everything goes fine, maybe we can create a library for everyone use with any Arduino and any monitor, including TFTs. Too much maybe?? :)) 

Let's see what we gonna get! 

I will post every step, maybe they can help our friends here in GarageLab...

Thanks for reading this post! :)

Views: 1419

Tags: arduino, generator, signal, vga

Comment by Ryadh on April 2, 2012 at 4:10pm

Great hope that will work on my board i will try it tomorrow thanks a lot !!

Comment

You need to be a member of GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking) to add comments!

Join GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)

Latest Activity

Profile IconDinko, Bukasa Tshilombo, simataempat and 1 more joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
5 hours ago
ANGEL RUIZ replied to ANGEL RUIZ's discussion Can this Xyron be used as a CNC router
"Here"
22 hours ago
ANGEL RUIZ posted a discussion

Can this Xyron be used as a CNC router

I don't have the money to afford a CNC router so I was wondering if I can convert this into…See More
22 hours ago
GarageLab posted a blog post

HAVOC: NASA’s proposed cloud city over Venus

The surface of Venus is a notorious hell-hole. If an atmospheric pressure roughly 90 times greater…See More
yesterday
roberto premoli's photo was featured

premobox25-per-web-001

premoboard+cubieboard+hdd2.5''features:-3LAN-5USB-2WIFI-500GB HDD…
Tuesday
Veritus's photo was featured

Battery Pack

Created a closed system of power in a wearable back pack. Back pack had 5 power outlets each at 220…
Tuesday
NELU NASTASOIU's photo was featured
Tuesday
wesley wortman's photo was featured
Tuesday
GarageLab posted blog posts
Tuesday
sunny lai left a comment for sunny lai
"thanks for hearing from you, it is my pleasure"
Tuesday
Enahoro Olori updated their profile
Monday
Profile IconRobert Sitton, Mr Abraham Akim and Magnus Nordin joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Monday
GarageLab posted blog posts
Dec 12
Profile Icongiacomo, dan rules and Jay Thornton joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Dec 11
GarageLab posted a blog post
Dec 10
GarageLab replied to Lou Liberatore's discussion LiquidCrystal_I2C library in the group Arduino
" Hi Lou Lberatone, I think you Hi Lou Lberatone, I think you probably are using the libraries…"
Dec 10
GarageLab joined Marcelo Rodrigues's group
Thumbnail

Arduino

Group for the Arduino communitySee More
Dec 10
GarageLab posted blog posts
Dec 9
Profile Iconbenjamin black and sunny lai joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Dec 9
Profile IconJjdelala and Sathish GP joined GarageLab (arduino, electronics, robotics, hacking)
Dec 8

© 2014   Created by Marcelo Rodrigues.

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service